Chilli Varieties

I love it when a new variety of Chilli suddenly bursts on to the scene, seemingly out of nowhere, grown in almost secrecy for many seasons. It must be very difficult to keep these chillies quiet, and that is what Jim Duffy and Jay have done here with the  Jay’s Ghost Scorpion. Not much is known about Jay who developed the Chilli but we all know Jim is the owner of Refining Fire Chiles, selling seeds, plants and some other goodies.

Jay’s Red & Peach Ghost Scorpion- (Capsicum chinense) These are an extremely hot chilli which have been developed by a Mennonite farmer named Jay in Eastern Pennsylvania, United States. They have been growing for 4 years and are a cross between a Ghost Chilli (Bhut Jolokia) and a Trinidad Scorpion. The Peach variety was created by taking the lighter shades of colour from the parent chilli plants to get the Peach colour.

This variety grows into many contorted shapes, some having very long tails and will also look like an extremely twisted bumpy Ghost Chilli. Most paler coloured Superhots are milder in heat than the darker shades, but not this chilli! The flavour is floral but slightly sweet.

We received a package of dried pods through the post a while back from Jim and as soon as I opened the Jiffy Bag I knew these were going to be special, the smell took my breath away! I took a bite and it took my breath away too! The burn was instant, no hanging around waiting, and it was an intense burn throughout the mouth and very quickly on to the throat. As I swallowed the small piece of dried flesh, I could feel it burning all the way down.

Then last week I received another pack from Jim, this time some fresh pods which had softened but still held their shape. The fresh pods are just as deadly as dried, they just look like they have been made in hell and are melting in your hands!

Seeds are available direct from Jim at Refining Fire Chillies







 Now, for those of you that do not know Jim Duffy’s story with Chillies, here it is in his own words;

“I won’t claim that if you start growing and eating chile peppers your life will change, but mine certainly did. When God created chiles, He made them unique. It is amazing how a small pod can hold so much heat, not to mention that the nutritional profile of a chile surpasses many other fruits and vegetables. Each chile variety possesses it’s own heat level, as well as a unique flavor, and the beautiful colors of the chile can rival an exotic flower.

My chile story started in 2003, when some co-workers, Rudy Moreno and Marcos Anguiano, began sharing their food with me. This included homemade salsas and sauces, which began an odyssey for my taste buds. Since I liked to cook, I asked questions and started making my own salsa. I experimented with various chiles, and eventually added habaneros to my recipe.

My inspiration grew as I pleased the taste buds of my Mexican friends. One day Rudy paid me the ultimate compliment, “If you make extra, I will buy it from you.” I made more than enough for Rudy and began selling salsa to my friends from work and church.

By that winter it was hard to find good habaneros, so I opted to grow them myself. The seeds were not available locally, so I went online where the world of chiles opened up to me. I stayed up ’till 3AM that first night, looking at site after site. I could not believe how many varieties of habaneros there were… so many colors and shapes. I was like a kid in a candy store. After three more nights of searching and a missed day at work, I emerged with 20 varieties of seeds for my first chile garden in the spring of 2004. I used drip irrigation and started small with only 100 plants. Some plants failed, while others improved the flavor of my salsa.

The following year I did better, but bought most of my plants online. It was more costly, but I did produce more chiles. In the late summer of 2005 I wandered into one of our church’s youth centers called Youth Venture where my friend was volunteering. As usual, I brought chips and salsa with me. I noticed that some of the kids were eating like it was their only meal of the day. This touched my heart, so I began showing up every Wednesday with meals for them and made spicy dishes with my chiles whenever I could. The kids loved them. They especially requested my spicy chicken soup made with habaneros.

By the end of the year I found myself at a second youth center in El Cajon, where my daughter, Michelle, was volunteering. Now I was feeding kids twice a week. In order to fund these dinners, I began catering part time and occasionally sold my chiles and salsa at local farmers’ markets. In February of 2006, I sent some of the kids to local college athletic events. Most of them came from single parent families and had never been to a sporting event.

In the summer of 2006 I began growing primarily Red Savina and Chocolate Habaneros, along with some Scotch Bonnet and Congo Yellow. By the end of summer I started visiting a third youth center, also in El Cajon. Now I was feeding kids at three centers a week and sending them in groups to San Diego State athletic events. By the end of 2006, my little journey with chiles had given me the resources to provide over 800 meals to youth and send over 400 of them to events!

By the end of 2006 my little journey with Chiles had given me the resources to provide over 800 meals and send over 400 children to events!

In the winter of 2007, my close friend, Larry Bridgeforth, introduced me to hydroponic gardening, which was intimidating to say the least. Was this method feasible for me? What if I failed and lost all my plants? In the spring of the following year, I planted 120 plants in my first NFT Hydroponic system purchased from IGS Hydroponics in Mira Mesa. An NFT system consists of tubes that hold the plant roots in a constant stream of water that contains nutrients. Larry was very busy raising five boys, so with the aid of the web and many phone calls I got the system up and running on my own. I planted 30 Bhut Jolokia, 40 Red Savina, 40 Chocolate Habaneros, and some assorted South American Ajis.

By July of 2007 I had a jungle. The roots had even pushed some of the plants up out of the tubes. “Too many” peppers caused several of the plants to fall over and even break. I started selling the chiles in various web ads, but they were not moving fast enough. Soon, a well-known restaurant in Chicago contacted me and bought almost everything I had. They eventually requested that I become their regular supplier. They host a “Hot as a Mother” dinner every year where my chiles are a big hit.

In 2008, I planted 40 each of Bhut Jolokia, Red Savina and Chocolate Habanero. I purchased better supplies from City Farmer’s Nursery in San Diego. It was Bill from City Farmer’s who gave me some guidance that first year. I expect to have at least 30% more chiles this year than last. I cannot fit between the two-foot rows, which means crawling under the system to harvest. Thank goodness the tubes are three feet above ground.

As far as I know, I am the only person growing the world’s three hottest chiles in an NFT Hydroponic System. My vision is to expand the business, find more restaurants, and market my salsa, which will facilitate more activities with the youth in East County, San Diego. I am glad that God made chiles because they have blessed my life – and the lives of others – in such unexpected ways.

In 2012 we have added some rare and diverse hot chilies. Some of these have never been sold before in the U.S.A.”

So that’s it, the Ghost Scorpions are due to be heat tested very soon so will we see a new record holder? watch this space……

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Over the last couple of years there has been an explosion of new varieties/hybrids of chillies emerging from all over the world. There is a very competitive race to come up with a new stable variety with a unique feature. The most common required trait is of course the heat level, being that there is a World Record up for grabs. New varieties seem to just appear out of nowhere and there is sometimes scepticism surrounding a new strain.

The truth is that, to produce a stable strain which grows true to its parent takes many seasons, it is not a quick process by any means.

So here we have the Bubblegum 7 Pot,

The Bubblegum 7 Pot displaying the Red Cap and Stem

Before I go any further I must add that seed from this chilli has not been officially released, but here at Chilefoundry we get emails asking about it’s availability all the time. As you can see from the photo, it has a rather unique feature which I guess makes it desirable amongst Chilli growers.

The “cap” around the stalk is much larger than most other varieties and can be bigger than the one pictured, but the most striking feature is that as the pod ripens, the cap and a certain amount of the stalk reddens too!

At Chilefoundry, we have been lucky enough to be sent one by Jon Harper who is the “Father” of this variety, based in the UK, he has been growing this and a lot of other Hybrids for a number of years. It is this particular Chilli that has generated the most interest recently. It is a very very rare chilli to get hold of with the true BG7 characteristics.

Jon called it Bubblegum because he thought it had a taste of the Bubbaliscious Bubblegum. I tasted the one pictured above and although Jon told me that it wouldnt be as hot due to the temperature drop affecting the SHU’s, I was certainly stunned by its heat, I couldnt pick out the Bubblegum flavour but that was due mainly to the fact that my mouth and throat were on fire!

Although Jon has crossed the Red Moruga Scorpion with a Yellow 7 Pot both ways, he believes the BBG7 to be a mutation/variation of the Moruga Scorpion. A simple explanation of crossing the varieties is having a plant of each variety, and then pollinating the flowers of each with the pollen from the other, then you wait for the pods to form, collect those seeds, growing them and repeating the process, keeping the best pods.

The Moruga “Phenotype”, a BG7 without the red cap


It can produce quite different results, depending which plant ends up as the male.

One of the reasons Jon hasn’t officially released the seeds for this variety is that some plants will produce more Moruga Phenotype pods, which are actually BG7’s but do not display the red cap and stems, but more characteristics of the Moruga parent.

So if you have managed to obtain seed, it is likely that it grew a Moruga Phenotype if the pods didnt display the reddened cap. The other reason for not releasing seed is that the seed fertility rate is currently less than 50%, Jon isn’t sure why at present, so if he can improve that for next season, maybe official seed will be released.

Here’s Jons guinea pig, Paul Tonkin doing a video review on the BB7 last year:

In addition, if you happened to attend FieryFoods UK in Brighton this year and watched the Chilli eating competition, you will have seen Jon’s Super Hots being held over head and consumed by the competitors. The final round on Day 2 ended on the “Borg 9” which is another of Jon’s Hybrids currently being developed, which is a Hybrid cross between the Bubblegum 7 and a Naglah!

The Borg 9 – A BG7 crossed with a Naglah

Jon named this the Borg 9 because at the time he was was trying to name it, Ernest Borgnine died, and apparently it is the name of the font used for the helicopter in Airwolf! A bit of Chilli trivia there for you!

Anyway, hopefully we will expect to see the Bubblegum 7 Pot officially released sometime next year if Jon can get the seed viability levels up.


We at Chilefoundry reported back in November 2011 about this mysterious “HP22B” pepper which seemed to suddenly appear on the scene with apparent consistant lab test results showing its heat at an average of 1.5 SHU’s. I am obviously talking about the Carolina Reaper pepper as it is now more commonly known, developed, bred and grown by Ed Currie and his company The Pucker Butt Pepper Company  in the USA, this pepper is well on course to take the title of the Worlds Hottest Chilli.

To create a stable new variety takes many seasons of growing the plant, selecting the seed and re growing, and Ed has been doing just that. New varieties dont just appear overnight as the plants have to have the ability to grow “true” to the original parent, in plant growth, pod shape and heat levels. That all takes time.

The Carolina Reaper has now been released and seeds are available to buy, but from only two stockists,

Ed himself at The Pucker Butt Pepper Company  and also Pepper Joe

So why hasnt this pepper been awarded the world record yet? Well that takes time too, and money. It is being processed as we speak. There has been a lot of hype surrounding this pepper, lots of people have been doubting whether it was for real.

We do like to sample these type of things before giving our opinion, its the only way to get a true understanding of whether the hype is justified or not.

So I was lucky enough to try a pod just before FFUK a few weeks ago, these were brought over by Ted Barrus F.B.I, having received them directly from Ed.

I will state now that I didnt try a whole one, I had about a quarter but that was enough! It was truly brutal and the burn was honestly like nothing I have experienced before from a Chilli, the burn was all over my mouth in seconds and a vicious throat burn to it, I swear I could feel the small piece I ate going down my throat and could feel it sitting in my abdomen very quickly, and just like others have said, there is definately a sweetness to them.

As you can see from the images above and below, these Chillis are gnarly and ugly, the skin is so rough, reminiscent of a 7 Pot Primo but different. I saw a selection and they were folded in themselves with little crevices all over and a little spike on the bottom.

So anyone who wants to doubt the effect these chillis have, please dont, they are the hottest natural thing I have eaten and if you dont believe me, have a look here, where our own Darth Naga is joined by Ted Barrus and Danebear to sample their delights,

WARNING: this video contains vomit, swearing and people in pain, you have been warned!

And here’s Leo “HomeGrownUkChili” Scott’s take on them:

So I for one am growing them next year, whether I can achieve the same heat levels with the UK Climate remains to be seen, but Im looking forward to trying.

And will it get the world record? Only time will tell.



Meco & Morita Chipotle Chillies (Image borrowed from

It is an odd thing, but everyone seems to want green Jalapeños chillies, but at the end of the growing season they are starting to turn red before they can be picked and sold, at this point there market value as a fresh product is about as low as it gets.

The wise farmers then either let then ripen fully until they are a deep red, at which point they are picked and and placed in a smoker and smoked until the almost all the moisture is removed and until the weight of the product has been reduced 90% drying and preserving them.

If fact smoking is really a way of dehydrating and preserving the crop, Jalapeños are hard to sun dry due to their thick flesh and tough skin, they would just rot if left to dry naturally.

There are at least two distinct varieties of Chipotles:-

Meco – The skins are a tan/grayish colour and a matt finish, they are far less common, they are also know as tipico or ahumado

Morita – They are dark purple with a shiny skin and are probably the most common outside Mexico, they are not as deeply smoked as the Meco Chipotles and are generally considered and inferior, cheaper product.

We are used them when we made our Hot Juan range of products in both our BBQ Rub and Crisps, they are mild in heat (but hotter that the Jalapeños due to the reduction in moisture)

I have always wondered how to pronounce them, the best I have phonetics found is “chip-oat-lay”

They are available from most of the online retailers please see, Cool Chile Co www.Hot and

Almost anything is available of eBay, In the past few years I have even seen “Chipotle Seeds” for sale. I did ask the seller how this was possible, but did not get a reply, I have not seem then for sale again.

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