Growing Chillies from Seed: Part 3

by Steve on July 24, 2010 · 0 comments

in General Information

Re-potting, Flowering and Fruiting.

Re-Potting

Re-Potting

Re-potting. Once your seedlings have out-grown their initial pots, they will need re-potting. Chilli plants benefit from being potted-on gradually, that it, one size pot at a time. We pot from 3”, to 6”, then 9” and 12”.

We recommend a John Innes No. 2 mix. If the plant is going outside, add a little more grit or perlite to improve the drainage – black/dark-coloured pots are also recommended for outdoor plants.

Re-potted

Re-potted

Half-fill the new pot with compost. Place your index and second finger either side of the plant base, invert the pot and gently pull the old pot off. Gently tease-out the roots at the base of the root-ball. Place the plant into the new pot – check that the old soil level is about 2cm from the top of the pot, if not adjust the soil level in the pot. Place more soil around the plant’s root to fill the pot, and gently firm down the compost. Water-in well and leave to drain.

Flowering.

Flowering

Flowering

Flowers will begin to form when the plant begins to branch-out. Only a fraction of the many flowers produced will set fruit – usually the earlier flowers set fruit more readily than late-season flowers. Night-time temperature is key for fruits to set – ideally this should be between 18C and 25C. If you see excessive flower drop, this can be caused by night-time temperature of over 30C (not very likely in the UK); too much Nitrogen in the compost or feed; high winds or lack of pollination. Hand pollination can be done with a very fine paint brush.

Fruiting.

Fruiting

Fruiting

Fruits form at the base of the flower and grow out through the petals. The un-rip colour is typically green, but yellow and purple are also common. Once the pod reaches full size, the seeds start to develop and the heat level increases. Chillies can be picked and used at many stages of development – for example, Pimento de Padron is picked very early (when only a ¼ of its full size. Many chillies are traditionally eaten ‘un-rip’, such as Jalapeno, Hungarian Hot Wax and Santa Fe Grande. To maximize the crop from a plant, keep it busy by picking fruits off as soon as they are ready for the use you have in mind – this will encourage more fruits to set.

Best of luck.

Steve
South Devon Chilli Farm
Wigford Cross
Loddiswell
Devon TQ7 4JT
www.sdcf.co.uk
Phone 01548 550782.
[relatedPosts] [adshere]

{ 0 comments… add one now }

Leave a Comment

Previous post:

Next post: